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“With a Friend Like This…”: Shielding Cameroon from Democratization

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

Dokumenter

The following paper uses the case-study of Cameroon to examine how critical donors can shield their close allies from pressure to pursue political liberalization. As the wave of democratic reform swept through Africa
in the early 1990s, similar to that going through North Africa and the Middle East today, domestic opposition pushed the ruling clique in Cameroon towards pluralism. However, in this case, instead of encouraging democracy, France helped President Paul Biya to maintain his grip on power. As will be demonstrated, massive amounts of French aid helped the regime survive both internal and external pressure for change. Under a political conditionality approach other secondary donors tried to use their foreign assistance to
help push for liberal-democratic reforms in Cameroon. However, such efforts are frequently undermined by what the donor perceives as its self-interest. This research attempts to illustrate this general point by examining the relationship between Cameroon and France and the maintenance of authoritarianism in the
defense of common interests.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Asian and African Studies
Vol/bind48
Tidsskriftsnummer2
Sider (fra-til)145-160
Antal sider16
ISSN0021-9096
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2013

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